In the symposium, joint actions towards the resilience of the value chain were proposed.
Other issues discussed included low carbon emission production and creating a technical roundtable on coffee.
Climate change is taking its toll on coffee production. Before the intensification of coffee rust (in 2011), production reached an average of 850 kilos per hectare, then after the worst part of the Rust plague, production decreased by 35%, said the president of the Junta Nacional del Café (National Coffee Board), Tomas Córdova.
Given this and the possibility that the effects of climate change can further affect this activity, the coffee sector seeks to join together and explore new options for growth. “The purpose is to act vigorously to find the resilience of the chain and low carbon emission production, i.e. sustainable agriculture”, said Córdova.
Under this approach the Sustainable Development Model for Peruvian Coffee project, implemented by the Junta Nacional del Café and the SCAN platform and funded by IDB-MIF and the Swiss SECO cooperation, held the 2nd International Coffee Symposium “Coffee and Climate Change” in ExpoCafé 2015.
This event addressed climate change from different perspectives of mitigation and adaptation. The impacts that were highlighted included the capacities of the production areas of the country, the economy and quality in the value chain.
On adaptation to climate change, the World Coffee Research Coordinator, David Laughlin, spoke on the management of climate-smart varieties, including information on types of germplasms resistant to the rust plague, plot verification and genetic improvement.
Regarding mitigation actions, the Ministry of Agriculture, represented by the General Director of Agricultural Business, Gino Bartra, highlighted the NAMA COFFEE initiative from a mitigation potential of over 50 million carbon from the coffee value chain.
For more information see a video report form Canal 7 TV Perú Noticias: El Expo Café 2015
The conclusions from the symposium were the following:
- Boost the coffee institution in the current climate change and market scenario.
- Recognize the need to move towards climate-smart, resilient and low emission agriculture.
- Look further into the vulnerability of the coffee value chain and jointly build measures and actions.
- Promote a technical roundtable on coffee from the SCAN platform that brings together public institutions and the coffee sector. This roundtable will work on managing climate change effectively.